Sunday, December 04, 2022
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History

Firka Castle - Chania

There are traces of human presence within the prefecture of Chania since the Neolithic age (6000 B.C.). The prefecture developed during the Minoan period (2800 - 1100 B.C.) and particularly during the period 1400 - 1100 B.C., when the residents developed commercial activities.

The cities of Chania flourish during the Hellenistic years (323 - 69 B.C.). They continue to flourish during the Pax Romana period.

From 4th century A.D. Crete is part of the Byzantine empire.

In 823 A.D., the Saracen seized Crete, and they will maintain their administration until 961 A.D., when Nikephoros II Phocas liberated the island.

Eleftherios Venizelos

In 1204 Crete fell under the Venetians, in order to follow in 1645 the Turks, who will impose hard meters of oppression for the local population.

In 1898 the island will be free from the Turks and it will autonomous for a period with capital the city of Chania.

The big moment of the union with the Greek state takes place in 1913, with the decisive contribution of the Prime Minister of Greece (from Chania) Eleftherio Venizelo.

During the B’ World War the citizens of Chania fought bravely and with great cost the German conqueror.

After the war the prefecture along with the rest of Greece recovers. Today it is considered one of the developed tourist prefectures of Greece and by far one of the most popular destinations for the tourism.

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